[Völkisch thought was] a combination of folklore, occultism, romanticism, and ethnic nationalism.
The intellectual character of the Völkisch movement was a direct consequence of the romantic movement of nineteenth-century Europe, and like romanticism, Völkisch thought favored the irrational and emotional, focusing mainly on man and the world. The movement arose from the turmoil that “accompanied the social, economic, and political transformation of Europe” during and after the industrialization and modernization characteristic of the nineteenth century. Industrial society drove the population to seek “deeper meaning in life than the transitory reality of their present condition”, since the demands of such a society tended to increase “the individual’s feeling of isolation.” Considering these origins, one can view Volkism as a backlash to the modernizing world.
Above all else the Volk valued rural rootedness, a concept that allowed an almost spiritual communion between the Germanic landscape, its people, and…
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