The history of piracy dates back more than 3000 years. The Greek historian Plutarch, wrote around 100 A.D., gave his definition of piracy. He described pirates as those who attack without legal authority. Piracy was described for the first time, among others, in Homer’s The Iliad and The Odyssey.
Norse riders of the 9th and 11th century AD were not considered pirates but rather, were called “Danes” or “Vikings”. Another popular meaning of the word in medieval England was “sea thieves”. The meaning of the word pirate most closely tied to the contemporary was established in the XVIII century AD. This definition dubbed pirates “outlaws” whom even persons who were not soldiers could kill. The first application of international law actually involved anti-pirate legislation. This is due to the fact that most pirate acts were committed outside the borders of any country.
Sometimes governments gave rights to the pirates to…
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